Geared Versus Gearless: Which Lift Machine Should You Choose?

Geared Versus Gearless

Geared vs. gearless traction elevator is a common question that builders are faced with on all projects. The answer is unclear. While one of them has distinct advantages over the other, the better option will still adjust according to desires, skills, suitability, affordability and so many other variations. The easiest way to find this out is to list pros and cons to make decision making simpler. In this post, we will compare all aspects between geared and gearless elevators, to help you determine which lift Machine gearbox manufacturing India should you choose. 

The Need For The Machine Room

The machine room is one of the most significant variations between the geared and the gearless elevators. On the geared elevators, the wheel and the electric motor must be mounted in a machine room situated above the elevator shaft. However, since the wheel is directly connected to the engine and the cabin, there is no need for a machine room with gearless elevators. This is why gearless elevators are often referred to as the Machine-Room-Less (MRL) elevators.

Machine rooms are often situated above the elevator shaft and must be considered during the design of the building. The computer room needs to be well lit and air-conditioned. Machinery rooms are of substantial size and need to be constructed for the architectural style of the house. As a result, machine rooms can be considered a waste of space and a significant drawback of geared lift machine gearbox manufacturing in India.

Energy Consumption

Gearless elevator motors can be smaller than geared elevator motors because they do not have gears. The gearless motors can be smaller than 1⁄2 of the geared motor. This makes the gearless motors more effective when it comes to the use of electricity. By making the engine smaller, the other parts would also be smaller. This will help to increase performance and make gearless motors more appealing.

Capacity Issues

Geared traction elevators can move at a speed of up to 152 m per minute and at a maximum height of almost 75 m, while gearless traction elevators can move at a rate of up to 610 m per minute at a distance of up to 600 m. However, both geared and gearless lifts have about the same load capacity that is adequate for passenger travel. The specifications may vary depending on the projects, but it is clear that the speed and distance capability of the gearless elevators is more beneficial than the geared ones.


One of the key problems, of course, is the repair of both motors. Geared traction elevators have a larger engine than the gearless ones and require larger combined tools that make maintenance more difficult. In addition, geared motors need grease, which needs to be changed frequently , making maintenance more difficult and more costly. These maintenance problems make the gearless traction elevators (parts are smaller and oil is not used in gearless ones) more advantageous and attractive than the geared elevators.

According to these comparisons, when the question “geared or gearless elevator” is posed, the solution is pretty clear that the gearless elevator engines are more beneficial than the geared ones. But the right answer of that question entirely depends on the money available. Gearless elevator motors are more costly than the geared ones, and if the geared elevators are adequate to meet the measured requirements, it would be smarter to use geared elevator motors to save money and suit the expected budget. So the main fact is the efficiency of money that forms the final decision.

At Premium Transmission, we are premium manufacturers of all types of industrial gearbox, including geared and gearless lift machines. If you’re confused about which life machine will suit your project best, you should consider contacting us. Our experienced personnel will guide you according to your requirements and help you make the best choice with the best solutions. 

You can also use our online configurator “ProCon” for the right selection of Lift machine to meet your requirements.